Argentina, Iran, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, and Egypt have joined BRICS, expanding its membership.

During a recent summit, the BRICS alliance, which consists of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, saw an expansion of its membership as six more countries joined its ranks. These new members are Argentina, Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, and Egypt.The announcement regarding the new members was made by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa on August 24 during his address. This declaration came as part of the summit’s outcomes and was eagerly anticipated by official sources that had earlier informed Reuters about the impending extension of invitations to potential new members.This move holds significant potential as it opens doors for many interested countries to align themselves with a coalition that is dedicated to advancing the interests of the “Global South.”

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President Ramaphosa also took the opportunity to discuss Chandrayaan-3 and invited Prime Minister Narendra Modi to deliver a speech. In his address, PM Modi expressed support for the expansion and advocated for a world order characterized by multipolarity. He also highlighted India’s achievements in the field of space research.It’s worth noting that Pakistan was not included in the expanded BRICS alliance. China’s effort to incorporate Pakistan into BRICS had caused diplomatic complexities and introduced an additional layer of intricacy to the ongoing proceedings. China’s rationale behind this initiative was rooted in its belief that the BRICS alliance should embrace a larger membership to accommodate more developing nations.

However, this proposition faced a significant obstacle in the form of India’s opposition. India had been a staunch opponent of expanding BRICS membership, expressing concerns that such a move could dilute the alliance’s core objectives and weaken the consensus among its existing members. India had even opposed Belarus’ bid for BRICS membership previously.Despite this historical stance, on August 23, Prime Minister Narendra Modi advocated for the enlargement of the consortium beyond its current five-nation composition. He emphasized India’s strong commitment to nations of the Global South, particularly during its tenure as the head of the G20 presidency. This shift in India’s stance marked an important development in the ongoing discussions about the expansion of the BRICS alliance.

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