The government has mandated that students in classes 9-10 study two Indian languages, followed by one language in classes 11-12.

According to the newly introduced New Curriculum Framework (NCF), students enrolled in classes 9 and 10 will now be required to engage in the study of three languages, two of which must be native Indian languages. Similarly, students in classes 11 and 12 will be mandated to study one Indian language and one additional language. The formulation of the NCF, aligned with the new National Education Policy (NEP), has been accomplished by the national steering committee led by former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan.

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In the current educational framework, students in classes 9 and 10 are obligated to study two languages, while those in classes 11 and 12 are limited to one language. Up until now, students from the 9th to the 12th grades were required to study a total of five subjects, with an option to include one more subject. However, in accordance with the recommendations proposed in the NCF, the number of obligatory subjects will be raised to seven for classes 9 and 10, and six for classes 11 and 12.The NCF document, as accessed by PTI, states that the inclusion of languages throughout these stages will contribute to the development of democratic and epistemic values in students, fostering respect for cultural diversity within society, and enhancing “cultural literacy.”

The document further emphasizes that learning multiple languages will broaden students’ perspectives, with the inclusion of another Indian language facilitating a deeper connection with the nation, instilling a sense of pride and belonging.During a joint meeting of the National Oversight Committee (NOC) and the National Syllabus and Teaching-Learning Material Committee (NSTC), Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan presented the NCF to the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT). This presentation marks a pivotal step towards the development of school syllabi and textbooks in accordance with the new framework.As delineated by the curriculum structure outlined in the NCF for classes 9 and 10, every school must provide instruction in three languages, with a requirement that at least two of these languages be native to India. In addition to the language subjects, students are expected to engage in the study of seven other subjects, falling under the categories of mathematics and computational thinking, social science, science, art education, physical education and well-being, vocational education, and interdisciplinary areas. While board examinations will be conducted for all seven subjects, including languages, art education, physical education and well-being, and vocational education will be evaluated through internal exams supervised by an external examiner.As for classes 11 and 12, the document clarifies that the study of one language remains obligatory.

In addition, students in these classes must select two subjects from Language Education (referred to as Group 1), with at least one of these subjects being a language native to India. Literature subjects are also encompassed within Language Education at this level.The NCF introduces a change in the terminology of the prevailing secondary and senior secondary stages, merging them into a single secondary stage divided into two phases: classes 9 and 10, and classes 11 and 12. The framework endorses the concept of a four-year multidisciplinary study across all curricular domains.

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